Mgnrega Assam Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, Mahatma Gandhi NREGA

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The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), also known as the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MNREGS), is an Indian legislation enacted on August 25, 2005. The MGNREGA provides a statutory guarantee one hundred days of employment every year to adult members of any rural household who wish to perform unskilled manual labor related to public works for the legal minimum wage. The Ministry of Rural Development (MRD), Government of India is monitoring the full implementation of this scheme in partnership with the state governments.

    This law was introduced with the aim of improving the purchasing power of the rural population, mainly semi or unskilled work for people living below the poverty line in rural India. Try to close the gap between rich and poor in the country. About a third of the stipulated workforce must be women.

    Adult members of rural households submit their name, age and address with photograph to the Gram Panchayat. The Gram Panchayat registers households after consultation and issues a labor card. The job card contains the details of the enrolled adult member and her photo. The registered person may submit a written job application (for at least fourteen days of continuous work) to either the Panchayat or the Program Officer.

    The Panchayat/Program officer will accept the valid application and issue the dated receipt of the application, a letter will be sent to the applicant providing the job and it will also be displayed in the Panchayat office. The job will be provided within a radius of 5 km: if it is greater than 5 km, an extra salary will be paid.

Key facts users should know about MNREGA

    1. MGNREGA guarantees one hundred days of paid work in one year, to a rural household whose adult members volunteer to perform unskilled manual labor.

    2. Jobs geared towards individual beneficiaries may be included in cards of Scheduled Castes and Tribes, Small or Marginal Farmers or Land Reform Beneficiaries or Beneficiaries under Indira Awaas Yojana of the Government of India.

    3. Within 15 days of filing the application or from the day the job is required, wage employment will be provided to the applicant.

    4. Right to obtain unemployment benefit in the event that employment is not provided within fifteen days of the filing of the application or from the date on which work is sought.

    5. Receipt of salary within fifteen days of work performed.

    6. Variety of works permitted which can be taken up by Gram Panchayaths.

    7. MGNREGA focuses on the economic and social empowerment of women.

    8. MGNREGA provides “Green” and “Decent” work.

    9. MGNREGA’s works address vulnerability to climate change and protect farmers from such risks and conserve natural resources.

    10. The Gram Sabha is the main forum for wage seekers to raise their voices and make demands. It is the Gram Sabha and the Gram Panchayat that approve the shelf of works under MGNREGA and set their priority.

11. The Social Audit of the MGNREGA works is mandatory, which lends itself to accountability and transparency.

Activities covered by MGNREGA

The permitted activities as stipulated in paragraph 1 of Annex I of Mahatma Gandhi NREGA are the following:

    1. The Union Ministry of Rural Development notified works under MGNREGA, most of which are related to agricultural and related activities, in addition to works that will facilitate rural sanitation projects in an important way.

    2. The works have been divided into 10 broad categories such as Watershed management works, irrigation and flooding, works related to agriculture and livestock, works related to fishing and coastal areas, and works related to drinking water and sanitation. rural.

    3. In reporting on the MGNREGA 2.0 (the second generation reforms for the rural labor scheme), the priority of the works will be decided by the Gram Panchayats at Gram Sabhas and Ward Sabhas meetings.

    4. Rural Development also reported that the 30 new works added in Annex 1 will also help the

    5. Rural sanitation projects, such as the construction of toilets, drainage wells and solid and liquid waste management for the first time, have been included in the MGNREGA. Although the general 60:40 ratio of the labor and material component will remain at the Gram Panchayat level, there will be some flexibility in the ratio for certain jobs depending on practical requirements.

6. The construction of the AWC building has been included as an approved activity under the MGNREG Law. The ‘Guidelines for the construction of Anganwadi Centres’ under MGNREGS have been jointly issued by the Secretary, WCD and the Secretary, Ministry of Rural Development, on 13th August 2015. Under MGNREGS, expenditures of up to Rs.5 lakh per AWC building for construction. Expenditure beyond Rs. 5 lakh per AWC including finishing, flooring, painting, plumbing, electrification, carpentry etc. will be covered by ICDS funds.


The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) aims to improve the livelihood security of people in rural areas by guaranteeing one hundred days of wage employment in a fiscal year, to a rural household whose members volunteer as volunteers to do unskilled manual labor.
In Assam, MGNREGA was introduced in the state in 2006-07 in 7 districts as a first phase. Coverage was extended to 6 more districts in the second phase, that is, in 2007-08, and since 2008-09 all 27 are covered by the program.
Who is eligible to work?

All adult members (over 18 years of age) of any family residing in rural India and willing to undertake unskilled manual labour.

Achievement of MGNREGA in Assam

Financial YearExpenditure
(Rs. In Cr)
HH provided employment (in Lakh)Man days generated
(In Lakh)
Avg Man daysHH completed 100 days
(in Nos.)
2016-17 (as on 19th May 2016)361.772.2133.8915.31120

Around 135125 Asset numbers have been created under MGNREGA in different sectors.
Payment of 100% under MGNREGA has been made through the electronic fund management system. P&RD is the only Department that uses a digital signature for fund transactions.
Social Audit carried out through the SIRD in all the districts covering all the schemes of the P&RD Department. mobilizing more than 10,000 volunteers. The Social Audit carried out during the 2013-14 year is a unique and unprecedented public audit approach throughout the country.

Mobile Base Monitoring System: The mobile monitoring system was introduced in Assam under MGNREGA from 2015-16. By using this mobile app, we can capture demand, assign jobs, take attendance, upload MB book, etc. under MGNREGA. All reports have been placed in the public domain and can be accessed by individuals.
The salary rate has been improved from Rs. 179.00 to 182.00 for unskilled labor in 2016-17.
The approved labor budget for the 2016-17 fiscal year is 408 lakh people per day.
36% of women have obtained work under MGNREGA.

Morigaon district received the National Award for the effective implementation of MGNREGA in 2014-15.
Khetri Gram Panchayat received the National Award for effective implementation of MGNREGA in 2015-16.
The Dibrugarh District Administration has registered the Nation’s Record in the Limca Record Book by planting 22,084 saplings on both sides of the 56.3 km road in 22 minutes on July 7, 2015.
Bongaigaon and Kokrajhar districts have registered two records in the Guinness Book of Records for plantations under MGNREGA.

Focus Areas in Fiscal Year 2016-17

At a meeting recently held in New Delhi, the MGNREGA Empowered Committee has approved areas of focus under MGNREGA: 2016-17 for Assam. The areas are Farm Pond Construction, IHHL Construction, AWC Building Construction, Vermi Compost Tank Construction, Planting, and Paver Road. Against these focus areas a district wise target has also been set.

Sl NoFocus AreaTarget- Works to be taken up and completed in FY 2016-17Unit cost of each work
(Rs. In lakh)
1Construction of Farm Pond (All India Target- 5 Lakh13239 nos.5 Lakh
2Construction of IHHLs (All India Target- 50 Lakh)222733 nos.0.12 lakh
3Construction of AWC Buildings (All India Target- 50,000 Nos.)5884 nos.6.50 lakh (5 lakh MGNREGA & 1.50 lakh from the concerned department)
4Construction of Vermi/Nadep compost Tanks (All India Target- 10 lakh)19006 nos.0.80 lakh
5Roadside Plantation10,000 km5 lakh
6Paver’s Block RoadApprox 2600 Km (one road against each GP/VCDC/VDC)40 lakh per Km

Whom to contact?

Gaon PanchayatDevelopment BlockDistrictState
Gaon Panchayat SecretaryBlock Development Officer.Project Director,
District Rural Development Agency
Joint Director & State Nodal Officer (MGNREGA),
Office of Commissioner,
Panchayat & Rural Development Department.


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